Omega 3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA to be specific) are important for our heart, brain, joints and eyes, but many of us don’t get enough of it in our diet. Studies suggest that people who consume Omega 3 oil on a regular basis have lower rates of heart disease than those who do not.   Omega 3 fatty acids make up a large portion of our brain and are important for normal brain function. They are also a critical fatty acid required for the growth and development of a baby so are recommended for pregnant or lactating women. Additionally, Omega 3 can act as an anti-inflammatory and appears to alleviate the pain in rheumatoid arthritis and work-related joint pain. It may also reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration in the eyes and guard against dryness.
Our vegan Omega 3 is derived from algae, which is grown on land using drinkable water, outside of the ocean and is therefore free from harmful toxins. This makes it a great plant-based alternative to fish oil.
While Omega 3 can be found in flax seed and hemp protein, it is not sufficient to supplement on its own because Omega 3 is found in these sources as Alpha-Linolenic Acid (ALA), which has to be converted by the body into a usable form, and the ratio of this conversion is quite low. However, DHA found in algae is the most bioavailable form (easiest for our bodies to absorb) of Omega 3 and supplementing it can “markedly enhance the DHA status (of serum and platelets)” and “provide for the formation of substantial EPA.”
|Product Type: 1 Softgel|
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) [derived from algae], Non-gmo corn starch, purified water, vegetable glycerin, carrageenan, sorbitol, lemon oil, mixed tocopherols, silica; less than 1% of: canola oil, rosemary extract, ascorbic acid. (All from non-animal sources)
milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, wheat, soybeans and preservatives
Studies show that people who consume Omega 3 oil regularly have lower rates of heart disease.   This may be due to Omega 3 fatty acid’s increasing good cholesterol, lowering triglyceride levels (a high level increases the risk of heart disease), managing blood pressure, and preventing plaque buildup (leading to clogged arteries and strokes).    This is why the US Department of Health and Human Services and the American Heart Association advise people to consume two servings of fish per week in order to get sufficient Omega 3 fatty acids.  Where this is not possible, people should consider taking fish oil supplements.
Research Score: Very Strong
Whilst studies are mixed on Omega 3 and mental health, there is promising research to suggest that it may improve memory, reduce the symptoms of ADHD in children, increase brain volume, and slow cognitive decline in the elderly.   
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled and randomized study, 485 people were given 900mg of Omega 3 or a placebo before doing paired associate learning (PAL), memory and visuospatial learning tests. The Omega 3 taking group performed better on the PAL test and had better immediate and delayed verbal memorization scores, but there was no improvement in working memory or executive function.
In a randomised controlled study on children with ADHD, one group took EPA (an Omega-3 fatty acid) while the other took a placebo for 15 weeks. The children’s performance was assessed by teachers and their parents. The EPA taking group had better behavior scores from their teachers, but not from their parents. Children who started with lower EPA in their bloodstream responded better to treatment than those with higher EPA concentrations.
One study examined the red blood cell fatty acid levels of over 1500 people who were free from dementia. It found that people in the lowest quartile of red blood cell DHA (an Omega-3 fatty acid) levels had greater white matter hyper intensity (lesions in the brain) and smaller brain volume. It also found that those with lower DHA levels did not perform as well on abstract thinking, executive function and visual memory as those with higher levels. 
Another different study concluded that those with higher DHA levels did better on nonverbal reasoning, working memory and vocabulary in addition to being able to better mentally adapt to changes. However, it also made clear that EPA levels did not affect cognitive performance.
Cognitive decline in elderly and Alzheimer’s disease
In 2005, a study assessed the effect that Omega 3 had upon cognitive decline in those aged 65 and above. It found that fish consumption may be associated with slower cognitive decline with age.
Later in 2008, a second study examined the impact of Omega 3 on people with Alzheimer’s and mild cognitive impairment. It concluded that 1800 mg of Omega 3 and higher intake of EPA led to better cognitive performance for those who had mild cognitive impairment, but it found no affect upon those with Alzheimer’s.
Research Score: Strong
Omega 3 supplementation in breastfeeding and pregnant moms is linked to improved infant retina and brain development.  That is why the United States Food and Drug Administration recommends pregnant women and young children should eat more fish.
In a randomised and controlled 1993 trial, infants were split into two groups. One was fed fish oil and the other was not. The study concluded that visual ability was positively related to DHA (an Omega-3 fatty acid) supplementation. Additionally, a 2013 review of more recent studies concluded that “providing larger amounts of DHA supplements, especially to the smallest infants, is associated with better neurologic outcomes in early life”.
There is also promising evidence that Omega 3 can lengthen the reproductive window for women of normal weight, although not in women with BMIs greater than 30. A 2016 clinical trial examined whether supplementation of Omega 3 could alter reproductive hormones in reproductive-age women and concluded that supplementation does extend reproductive lifespan, although further testing on women with diminished ovarian reserve who were attempting to delay ovarian aging would be needed.
Research Score: Strong
Studies on Omega 3 show it can alleviate joint pain as it is anti-inflammatory on cartilage. One study found it can alleviate rheumatoid arthritis and work-related joint pain (not disease related pain like osteoarthritis or rheumatism).
A second study lasted 12 months. It was double-blind and placebo-controlled and found that people taking 2,600mg of Omega 3 per day had less joint pain than those on the placebo. Additionally, participants had to use less antirheumatic medicine after taking fish oil supplements. 
Research Score: Strong
Several studies indicate that fish oil alleviates dry eye symptoms. One 2016 study found that fish oil (which contains Omega-3 fatty acids) decreased the symptoms even after patients had just had cataract surgery.  Another study examined people who look at computer screens for over 3 hours per day and also found that fish oil alleviated dry eye and decreased tear evaporation. In fact, the American Academy of Ophthalmology found in a clinical study that Omega 3 decreased the symptoms of dry eye, increased the rate in tear secretion and decreased the rate of tear evaporation.
Age-related Macular Degeneration
A 2006 study examined genetic and environmental risk factors for age-related macular degeneration. It surveyed 681 twins through food diaries, risk-factor questionnaires and eye examinations. Smokers had almost double the risk of macular degeneration compared to non-smokers, and increased intake of fish reduced the risk of macular degeneration.
While there have been many positive studies on the near total protection of the retina in rats after taking fish oil     , there are only some studies on its effect on humans.  Therefore, it is most likely that humans will experience the same level of protection to their retinas, although further research is needed.
Research Score: Strong
For people diagnosed with major depressive disorder, fish oil can significantly reduce symptoms to a level similar to some prescription drugs like fluoxetine. However, it is not clear in can reduce the symptoms in those who have not been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. There needs to be more studies on the effect of fish oil upon people who are minorly depressed.
Research Score: Promising
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